When a cloudy area develops within the normally clear lens of your eye, it's called a cataract. Cataracts are most often found in people over the age of 55, and may or may not progress to the point where they interfere with daily activities. In cases where cataracts do progress, surgical removal may be considered. Cataract surgery is highly developed and thought to be 90-95% successful in restoring functional vision.
Pink eye is a common name for conjunctivitis and is usually used to describe the infectious form of conjunctivitis that is known to spread quickly and cause redness and inflammation of the eye. The two other main types of conjunctivitis are allergic and chemical. An optometrist can diagnose the form of conjunctivitis and recommend appropriate treatment.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that prevents the body from making or using insulin. Because of the ocular health risks associated with diabetes, annual eye exams are crucial. An optometrist can detect changes in the eye due to diabetes and these changes are often the first indication of the disease or that a person with the disease does not have adequate blood sugar control.
Glaucoma refers to a family of diseases that damage the optic nerve, which is the nerve that carries information from your eye to your brain. When it is damaged, there is typically a loss in peripheral vision. The sooner Glaucoma is diagnosed and treated, the better the prognosis.